Current Affairs

G20 Declaration by New Delhi's Leaders

The G20 New Delhi Declaration, which was adopted during the summit, highlights efforts to reach an agreement between the G7 and the Russia-China axis. It covers a number of global challenges. Although the Ukraine-Russian conflict receives a lot of attention, the declaration covers a wide range of themes in its ten chapters, with particular emphasis on counterterrorism, gender equality, and sustainable development.

What Does the Declaration Say About the Conflict Between Russia and Ukraine?

The Russia-Ukraine section, which was drafted after extensive negotiations, refrains from labeling Russia an aggressor but reiterates the values of territorial integrity, sovereignty, and the rejection of the use of force to annex territory. Constructing consensus for a fair and long-lasting peace in Ukraine is the goal of this strategy.

The goals were met by bringing up the Bali conversation, citing United Nations documents, and underlining fundamental ideas for a fair and sustainable peace in Ukraine. This strategy helped to build consensus for resolving the Ukraine issue in the future by allowing G7 nations to restate their position without directly confronting Russia.

What structural modifications were made to the G20 New Delhi Declaration?

By dividing its material into ten chapters as opposed to paragraphs, the G20 New Delhi Declaration broke with the conventional joint declaration format. It had a prologue, chapters labeled A through J depending on topics, and an introduction. A more ordered and orderly presentation of the document resulted from this structural alteration. It made it possible for a clearer separation of diverse topics, making it easier for readers to move between parts. While the lines about Russia and Ukraine were kept at the beginning, the new style allowed for a thorough examination of the range of problems raised during the summit, making the paper easier to read.

What were the G20 New Delhi Declaration's main takeaways?

The permanent inclusion of Africa in the G20, a huge step toward greater inclusivity, is one of the declaration's main implications. This inclusion is anticipated to strengthen collaboration with Africa and support the continent's objectives for development. All Engagement Groups and Initiatives launched during India's G20 Presidency were also acknowledged in the proclamation. It paved the way for upcoming G20 Presidency events, such as those for Brazil in 2024, South Africa in 2025, 

G20 Declaration by New Delhi's Leaders