Current Affairs

Indian Ocean Observing System (IndOOS)

Indian Ocean Observing System (IndOOS)


·       to be reactivated by India and US The Indian Ocean Observing System (IndOOS), a network of 36 moored buoys in the high seas intended to gather ocean and atmospheric data for weather forecasts, is set to be reactivated by India and the US.

·       During the COVID-19 epidemic, the system was neglected, which resulted in a lack of important observational data, especially concerning the monsoon forecast and the Indian Ocean Dipole phenomenon.
M. Ravichandran, the secretary of Earth Sciences, and Rick Spinrad, the administrator of the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), met and decided to reactivate IndOOS.

·       The moored buoys are a component of the RAMA initiative, which was started in 2008 by NOAA and the Indian Ministry of Earth Sciences in cooperation. In order to reactivate the RAMA array, India will offer ship time beginning in July, while the NOAA will supply the instrumentation.

·       In a Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society paper, weather forecasters from several nations pointed out that the pandemic interfered with the RAMA anchored buoys' deployment and maintenance voyages.

·        For operational services like cyclone alerts, monsoon forecasts, climate forecasts, tsunami warnings, and more, observations from these buoys are essential. In the Indian Ocean region and the neighboring countries, marine measurements are essential for tracking and forecasting weather and climate patterns.


Concerning Moored Buoys

Anchored floating platforms known as "moored buoys" are outfitted with scientific sensors that may measure a range of meteorological and oceanographic data, including temperature, salinity, winds, and currents. In order to comprehend ocean dynamics, climatic variability, and air-sea interactions, these buoys provide continuous, long-term data from fixed places in the ocean. Moored buoys need to be maintained on a regular basis and are frequently deployed as a component of bigger networks. Marine research, climate modeling, and weather forecasting all depend on the data that these buoys gather.


Concerning RAMA

A network of moored buoys in the Indian Ocean called RAMA (Research Moored Array for African-Asian-Australian Monsoon Analysis and Prediction) was created to investigate the intricate air-sea interactions that affect the monsoon system. Numerous oceanographic and meteorological data, including temperature, salinity, winds, currents, and air-sea fluxes, are measured by these buoys. Better understanding of the Indian Ocean's influence on regional and global climate is made possible by the data gathered by the RAMA array, which facilitates improved monsoon forecasting and climate modeling.


Concerning IndOOS

The Indian Ocean Observing System (IndOOS) is a network of partnerships and equipment designed to track and investigate the climate and marine ecology of the Indian Ocean. To better understand how the region affects global climate patterns, data on sea surface temperature, ocean currents, and atmospheric variables are gathered. IndOOS is essential for disaster preparedness, marine biodiversity protection, and climate forecasting. In order to improve ocean observations in the Indian Ocean, a network of research institutes, governmental organizations, and international organizations collaborate to support it.


Indian Ocean Observing System (IndOOS)