Current Affairs

JAMES WEBB SPACE TELESCOPE


JAMES WEBB SPACE TELESCOPE

The trial launch of the James Webb Space Telescope was committed into an accident in French Guiana. So, the launch date was postponed to December 22.

ABOUT JSWT

•      It is a project of collaboration of Three space agencies namely, NASA, European Space Agencies, Canadian Space Agency.

•      This telescope is an orbiting infrared Observatory that orbits the earth at an altitude of approximately 570 kilometers and above to the land.

•      It will help The Hubble Space Telescope in the discoveries about Space with a long wavelength and well-developed technological sensitivity.

•      It has an approximately 6.4-meter primary mirror.

•      This telescope was previously known as Next Generation Space Telescope and it was renamed in the year 2002.

•      It was renamed to commemorate the former NASA administrator, James Webb.

Functions

•      It has a bigger mirror as compared to the Hubble Telescope (2.4 meters only). So, the picture resolutions will be more accurate.

•      It is formulated to keep on check on the movement of the stars and other space products, very efficiently.

•      It will check the light from the stars which are formed 13 billion years ago using the infrared facilities in that.

 

 

MPLADS SCHEME:

•      Govt of India suspended the Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme funds for the 2 years 2020, 2021.

•      The fund of that scheme will go to the Consolidated fund of India.

•      By suspending this fund, the govt will save Rs. 7900 crores.

WHAT IS MPLADS SCHEME?

•      It was formulated in the year of 1993.

•      It enables the MPs to recommend the development works in their constituencies with special emphasis on the social assets like education, health, sanitation, and transport, etc.

•      This program was implemented by the Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation.

•      MPs are entitled to spend Rs 5 Cr under this scheme annually.

•      Similar to MPLADS some states also enacted MLALADS in which funds are given to the MLAs for the development of their constituencies.

•      MPLADS funds can also be used for,

          1) Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

          2) Accessible India Campaign

          3) Rainwater harvesting

          4) Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana

ISSUES IN THIS SCHEME

•      The theory of Separations of Power will be affected

•      No enough funding

•      No proper legislation for regulation.


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JAMES WEBB SPACE TELESCOPE